Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS): A most common endocrine disorder

Posted on July 20, 2019. By Admin

Polycystic ovarian syndrome or (PCOS) is one of the most complex endocrine disorders which is very prevalent in adolescent girls and women of reproductive age and is a prime cause of female subfertility. Since it falls under both endocrine and subfertility, it is deemed to be the main reason why PCOS is largely overlooked and underdiagnosed. Though it generally manifests with oligo/anovulatory cycles, hirsutism and polycystic ovaries, it can together come up with a considerable prevalence of insulin resistance. PCOS patients can present a wide range of signs and symptoms, which make difficult the precise grading of the condition.

How common is PCOS? Is it related to other diseases?

PCOS affects 2 in 10 women of reproductive age and women with PCOS have infrequent or prolonged menstrual periods or excess male hormone (androgen) levels. The ovaries may, in turn, get numerous small pouches or collections of fluid/follicles and may fail to regularly release eggs. Lack of ovulation can lead to infertility and they may be at a higher risk of metabolic and cardiovascular diseases when compared to the general population.

Can treatment help cure PCOS?

Yes, Owing to the complex hormonal changes associated with PCOS, women who have these conditions must work with the experts who are trained in PCOS. It is extremely important that you are comfortable with your doctor and they advocate proper medical care. There are a wealth of treatment options that are available that can help manage the symptoms and help prevent the complications of PCOS.

It is now widely recognized that insulin resistance, manifesting above all in obese or overweight women, but often also in lean PCOS women, is one of the keys to this complex disorder. While there is no treatment licensed for PCOS, roughly about 98% of the girls who have it, whether they have it or not are sexually active, take a combined oral contraceptive pill that contains an estrogen and a progestogen. A low combination can restore ovulation rates after reducing ectopic fat.

Things that you need to know about your PCOS treatment

PCOS is an excellent example of pathology in which early diagnosis and treatment can prevent or delay its typical long-term effects. Though in the past therapy for PCOS was centred on the treatment of hirsutism and restoration of insulin, which can often get implicated in the pathogenesis of the syndrome. Due to the fact that major repercussions on health can happen in the long period, the endocrinologists must evaluate more appropriate strategies for control of the metabolic alterations of PCOS.

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